Here is an updated and expanded version of the article in PDF format
Many people have a hard time fathoming that something that they cannot see, touch, smell, taste or hear - sense with the five senses - can harm them so much. But if people did really know the facts regarding the dangers of cell phones and WiFi and the masts that emit a pervasive level of microwave radiation, would they still be willing to use them? Would they still be willing to allow the antennas to be built in vicinity of their homes, work places, schools, and hospitals?
Dr. George Carlo, who used to run a multi-million dollar research program for the cell phone industry and went public regarding the dangers posed by cell phones, uses the analogy of putting a frog in water. If you put a frog in boiling water, it will jump out. However, if you put a frog in cold water and gradually heat the water, you can cook the frog because the frog's body will adjust to the slight changes in temperature and it will not notice it is being cooked. Well, the same thing might be happening to an unsuspecting public - a public that has not been informed about the real dangers of microwave radiation from cell phones, WiFi and other high-frequency-radiation emitting devices and antennas.
The truth of the matter, your cell phone and your WiFi might very well indeed be making you and those around you sick!
Please read on!
1.Symptoms known to be caused by exposure to microwave radiation: insomnia and other sleep disturbances, headaches, swollen lymph nodes, depression, anxiety, loss of appetite, hypoxia (lack of oxygen getting to your tissues), inability to concentrate, forgetfulness, dizziness, irritability, nausea, hyperactivity, fatigue, vision problems, dry eyes, eye inflammation, weakened immune system, allergies, frequent urination, night sweats, extreme thirst, etc. These symptoms very often suddenly appear in people who have had a cell phone tower installed nearby their home.
2. Microwave exposure induces Oxidative Damage leading to depletion of the body's natural store of antioxidants like Super Oxide Dimutase (SOD), Catalase, Glutathione, CoQ10, and Melatonin. When the body becomes depleted in antioxidants, premature aging, increased infections, and sticky blood are just a few of the consequences. With a depressed level of antioxidants in the blood, for example, high-density lipoproteins (HDL) or the good cholesterol will bind with free radicals (oxidants) turning the good cholesterol into bad cholesterol or low-density lipoproteins (LDL). This leads to more viscous blood which in turn can lead to blood clots leading to strokes and even heart attacks.
3. Microwaves have been known to effect an abnormal influx of calcium into cells. When there is an abnormal influx of calcium into mast cells, for example, they produce histamine. This is just one of the ways in which microwave exposure has been known to trigger or aggravate allergic reactions.
4. Microwave exposure has been known to induce mitochondria dysfunction. The mitochondria are the powerhouse of the cell. Dysfunctional mitochondria will interfere with the cells' ability to produce energy and can be linked to fatigue and possibly even obesity.
5. Microwaves have been shown to depolarize the body's red blood cells. This will cause the red blood cells to clump together and when this happens, the amount of oxygen getting to the brain cells and the cells of the body's other organs is diminished substantially leading to hypoxia. This can cause symptoms similar to altitude sickness: nausea, dizziness, inability to concentrate, and so on.
6. Microwave exposure has been shown in studies to induce a decrease in the numbers of Natural Killer (NK) cells, a form of white blood cell which is the body's first line of defense against pathogens. This leads to the body's weakened ability to recover from viral and other types of infections. Therefore, people exposed to microwave radiation would take longer than normal to recover from your day-to-day infections.
7. Exposure to long-term microwave radiation has been shown to change a particular form of white blood cell (lymphocyte) ratio - known as the T-helper/T-suppressor (T4/T8) cell ratio - from normal to abnormal. Abnormalities in this T-lymphocyte ratio have been shown to lead to an increased susceptibility to viral, fungal, and bacterial infections. Symptoms include sore throats, low-grade fevers, weakness, persistent fatigue, and swollen lymph glands.
8. In fact, research has shown that exposure to microwaves and other electromagnetic radiation has been shown to increase viruses, bacteria, mold, parasites, and yeast in the blood of the human host.
9. Microwave exposure has been shown in studies to induce what is known as "subliminal" stress ( since the body does not know it is being stressed) causing the adrenal glands to excrete an abnormally greater amount of cortisol and adrenaline. Excretion of adrenaline, for one, can lead to irritability and a feeling of hyperactivity - the latter now very common in children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). In a continuous state this will eventually lead to adrenal exhaustion, in which the adrenal glands just stop working.
10. Microwave exposure has been shown to cause a decrease of 5-HT in the blood. 5-HT is a precursor to the production of the brain hormone serotonin. Low levels of serotonin have been linked to anxiety and depression. An increase in anxiety and depression can in turn be linked to to an increase in the number of suicides.
11. Microwave exposure has been shown to induce a decrease in levels of the brain hormone norepinephrine. This hormone is essential for control of the autonomic nervous system, and lack of it can lead to autonomic nervous system disorders. For example, if the autonomic nervous system is not working properly, the body will have trouble regulating its temperature - i.e. cooling itself when it is warm and heating itself when it is cold. This could lead to feeling colder than one would normally when it is cold and feeling warmer than one would normally when it is warm. An abnormal decrease in norepinephrine levels has also been connected to short-term memory disturbances and depression.
12. Production of the brain hormone melatonin has also been shown to be altered by exposure to microwaves. This brain hormone and antioxidant is necessary for proper sleep. 42 million (approximately one in five) Americans now take sleep medication for insomnia while others often experience sleep disturbances due to exposure to electromagnetic radiation (EMR). A drop in melatonin levels has also been connected with increases in breast cancer.
13. A drop in the levels of the brain hormone, dopamine, has also been shown to be connected with microwave radiation exposure. A drop in dopamine levels have been linked with depression.
14. Exposure to electromagnetic radiation has been shown to effect an abnormal drop in the levels of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. A drop in the levels of this neurotransmitter has been linked to a number of neurological and neuromuscular disorders - including Alzheimer's disease.
15. Some electromagnetic frequencies have been shown to induce restlessness and hence may very well also be responsible for a syndrome called restless leg syndrome (RLS).
16. Electromagnetic fields- like those emitted by cell phones - have been shown to alter regional cerebral blood flow. In conditions like autism and chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) it has been shown via SPECT (Single Proton Emission Computed Tomography) scans that there is a decreased flow of blood to the brain.
17. Numerous studies have connected microwave and other electromagnetic radiation exposure to an increase in allergies. Microwave exposure has been shown to turn on mast cells to produce more histamine - the chemical responsible for allergic reactions - and other electromagnetic fields have been shown to actually increase the number of mast cells in the body. Microwaves have also been found to increase Immunoglobulin antibodies in the body. Immunoglobulin antibodies are responsible for triggering an allergic reaction to a particular substance or protein. Many researchers and scientists were - and still are - puzzled by the fact that the East German population had so few allergies in comparison to the West German population when the two countries unified. But what they failed to examine is the simple fact that East Germany had much stricter regulations regarding ambient radiation levels than West Germany. Since East Germany adopted West Germany's standards, allergies in former East Germany have since reached par with the levels of former West Germany.
18. Microwave exposure has also been shown to adversely affect the heart and could very well be linked to heart irregularities and responsible for triggering heart attacks.
19. Exposure to microwave radiation has also been shown to effect an abnormal increase in nitric oxide (NO). One theory holds that an abnormal increase in cellular calcium will also lead to an abnormal increase in cellular NO, which in excess produces a damage-producing free radical or oxidant called peroxynitrite.
20. Microwave exposure has been shown to open the blood brain barrier (BBB). The BBB protects the brain from foreign substances like viruses, bacteria, and chemical toxins in the blood which may injure the brain. Thus, exposure to microwave radiation could very well open people up to viral and bacterial infections of the brain which they would not normally get otherwise.
21. There has been a drastic increase in brain tumors and other cancers - not to mention diseases such as autism, ADHD, Chronic Fatigue Immune Deficiency Syndrome, and Alzheimer's - with the advent of the cell phone. Especially, after 1984 (the year the first cellular phone networks were set up in most major cities in the USA) there was a notable jump in children's brain tumors according to the National Cancer Institute (NCI). Brain tumors are now the number two cause of death in children followed by leukemia. Just last year seven people in Melbourne at RMIT University working in a building on the top two floors underneath a cell phone mast suddenly were diagnosed with brain tumors. There has also continuously been an exponential increase in autism since the advent and increase in numbers worldwide of the cell phone.
22. There have been numerous confirmed cases of deformities in animals and plants near cell phone towers. Now, in heavily electropolluted Japan it is very common for women to have miscarriages in their last trimester of pregnancy. Usually, the fetus is deformed. Cell-phone use has also recently been shown to lower sperm count in men the longer they use the phone ( e.g. one hour as opposed to four hours).
The cell phone industry makes 100s of billions of dollars in profits every year. They have the money and the power to influence politicians, the media, and even the research. Unethical researchers receive mass funding from this industry and are pressured to tell you it's safe while the researchers who inform us of its dangers have consistently had their funding cut. Over 6000 German doctors have signed "The Friedburger Appeal" after recognizing a connection between many of the symptoms listed above and exposure to microwave radiation and other EMR and after the German government has failed to act to protect its citizenry. The only way the cell phone industry gets its power is because consumers pay them their money. They have created an imaginary need or addiction. But if you heed the information above, then you will realize that you do not need this "unnecessary evil" - or rather you need it like you need a brain tumor. As a consumer you have the power to affect change. Hence, you are either part of the problem or part of the solution! You can decide. You have a choice - that is - unless you are Unconscious!
P.S. The cell phone industry has been buying up the patents on inventions that help protect cell phone users from the harmful radiation emitted by cell phones. Unfortunately, it is a catch-22 situation for them since if they use them, they are hence admitting what they have been denying all along - that cell phones are actually dangerous. This would open them up to a plethora of possible lawsuits. Either way, the consumer loses.
"All that is necessary for evil to triumph is for good men to do nothing"
A.D.A.M. Healthcare Center, "Chronic Fatigue Syndrome," ABOUT. http://adam.about.com/reports/000007_2.htm
Addington, J.W. (2003). "Jay A. Goldstein, M.D.'s unique treatment protocol for chronic fatigue syndrome & fibromyalgia." ImmuneSupport.com 03-03-2003 http://www.immunesupport.com/library/showarticle.cfm/ID/4351
Barker E, Fujimura S.F., Fadem M.B., Landay A.L., Levy J.A. (1994) "Immunologic abnormalities associated with chronic fatigue syndrome." Clinical Infectious Diseases. 18(Supp 1): S136-41.
BBC News Online Network. (1998). "Health: Immune system 'attackedby mobile phones'." Thursday, October 15, 1998 Published at 16:50 GMT 17:50 UK http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/health/194065.stm
BBC Video Clip. http://www.qlinkworld.co.uk/media/london.html
Becker, R.O. (1985). The Body Electric. New York: Quill
Becker, R.O. (1990). Cross Currents. New York: Tarcher/Penguin
Bergier L, Lisiewicz J, Moszczynski P, Rucinska M, Sasiadek U. (1990). "Effect of electromagnetic radiation on T-lymphocyte subpopulations and immunoglobulin level in human blood serum after occupational exposure." Med Pr. 41(4):211-5. [Article in Polish]. Wojskowego Szpitala Klinicznego, Zaklad Analityki Lekarskiej w Krakowie Kierownik.
Bernat R. (1985). "Glutathione concentration and peptidase activity in the lens after exposure to microwaves." Acta Physiol Pol. Sep-Dec;36(5-6):360-5. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/
Burns, R. "Cfs." http://www.lycos.com/info/cfs.html
Caligiuri M., Murray C., Buchwald D., Levine H., Cheney P., Peterson D., Komaroff A.L., Ritz J. (1987) "Phenotypic and functional deficiency of natural killer cells in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome." Journal of Immunology 139: 3306-13
Canseven A.G., Seyhan N., Mirshahidi S., Imir T. (2006) "Suppression of natural killer cell activity on Candida stellatoidea by a 50 Hz magnetic field." Electromagn Biol Med. 2006;25(2):79-85.
(Department of Biophysics, Gazi University Medical Faculty, Ankara, Turkey. firstname.lastname@example.org)
CFIDS Association of America Homepage http://www.cfids.org/about-cfids/symptoms.asp
Cherry, N. "Swiss shortwave transmitter study sounds warning: Review of 'Study on Health Effects of the Shortwave Transmitter Station of Schwarzenburg, Berne, Switzerland (Major Report)'." Electromagnetics Forum, Volume 1. No. 2 Article 10
Chronic Fatigue Group, University of Glasgow http://www.gla.ac.uk/clinicalneuroscience/chronfatgroup.html
Cleare A.J. (2003). "The neuroendocrinology of chronic fatigue syndrome." Endocr Rev. Apr;24(2):236-52. Section of Neurobiology of Mood Disorders, Division of Psychological Medicine, The Institute of Psychiatry, London SE5 8AZ, United Kingdom. email@example.com
Cleare A.J., Messa C., Rabiner E.A., Grasby P.M. (2005) "Brain 5-HT1A receptor binding in chronic fatigue syndrome measured using positron emission tomography and [11C]WAY-100635." Biological Psychiatry. Feb1;57(3):239-46.
Section of Neurobiology of Mood Disorders, Division of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry and Guy-s, King-s and St. Thomas- School of Medicine, London, United Kingdom. firstname.lastname@example.org
Collinge, W. "Your Immune System: How It Works, and How It is Affected in CFS." Recovering from Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: A Guide to Self-Empowerment. http://www.healthy.net/collinge/RecovCFSCh4.html
Cutz A. (1989) "Effects of microwave radiation on the eye: the occupational health perspective." Lens Eye Toxic Res. 6(1-2):379-86. Physical Hazards Group, Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, Hamilton, Ontario. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
Dinan TG, Majeed T, Lavelle E, Scott LV, Berti C, Behan P. (1997) "Blunted serotonin-mediated activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in chronic fatigue syndrome." Psychoneuroendocrinology. May;22(4):261-7.
Department of Psychological Medicine, St Bartholomew's Hospital, London, UK. T.G.Dinan@mds.qmw.ac.uk
Dmoch A., Moszczynski P. (1998). "Levels of immunoglobulin and subpopulations of T lymphocytes and NK cells in men occupationally exposed to microwave radiation in frequencies of 6-12 GHz." [Article in Polish] Med Pr. 49(1):45-9. Oddzialu Wewnetrznego Szpitala Miejskiego w Kielcach.
Dovrat A., Berenson R., Bormusov E., Lahav A., Lustman T., Sharon N., Schachter L. (2005) "Localized effects of microwave radiation on the intact eye lens in culture conditions." Bioelectromagnetics. Jul;26(5):398-405.
Rappaport Faculty of Medicine Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel.
Dunscombe P.B., Gammampila K., Ramsey N.W. (1983). "A search for nonthermal effects of 434 MHz microwave radiation on whole human blood." Radiat Res. Nov;96(2):235-50.
Fedorchuk A.G., Skivka L.M., Stoliarov Z.E., Levchuk Iu.N., Mostovaia A.V. "The effect of electromagnetic radiation with extremely high frequency and low intensity on cytotoxic activity of human natural killer cells." [Article in Russian]
Firstenberg, A. (2000). "Radio waves pose invisible danger." Nov. http://www.twnside.org.sg/title/2118.htm
Frey. A.H. (1998). "Headaches from cellular telephones: Are they real and what are the implications?" Environmental Health Perspectives. Volume 106, Number 3, March 1998 http://www.ehponline.org/members/1998/106p101-103frey/frey-full.html
Godekmerdan A, Ozden M, Ayar A, Gursu MF, Ozan AT, Serhatlioglu S. (2004). "Diminished cellular and humoral immunity in workers occupationally exposed to low levels of ionizing radiation." Arch Med Res. Jul-Aug:35(4):324-8.
Goldberg G. (2006). Would You Put Your Head In A Microwave Oven? AuthorHouse:Bloomington, Ind. & Milton Keynes:UK
Goldberg M.J. "NIDS Testimony". Testimony before the Committee of Government Reform, U.S. House of Representatives. http://nids.net/testimony.htm
Grimaldi S., Pasquali E., Barbatano L., Lisi A., Santoro N., Serafino A., Pozzi D. (1997). "Exposure to a 50 Hz electromagnetic field induces activation of the Epstein-Barr virus genome in latently infected human lymphoid cells." Journal Environental Pathology Toxicology Oncology. 16(2-3):205-7.
Institute of Experimental Medicine C.N.R., Rome, Italy. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/
House R.V., McCormick D.L. "Modulation of natural killer cell function after exposure to 60 Hz magnetic fields: confirmation of the effect in mature B6C3F1 mice." Life Sciences Department, IIT Research Institute, Chicago, Illinois 60616, USA.
Ikarashi Y, Maruyama Y, Stavinoha WB. (1984). "Study of the use of the microwave magnetic field for the rapid inactivation of brain enzymes." Japan Journal of Pharmacology. Aug;35(4):371-87. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?
Ikarashi Y., Sasahara T., Maruyama Y. (1985) "Postmortem changes in catecholamines, indoleamines, and their metabolites in rat brain regions: prevention with 10-kW microwave irradiation." Journal of Neurochemistry. Sep;45(3):935-9.
Immune Support. "Chronic Fatigue Diagnosis." http://www.immunesupport.com/library
Immune Support. (2003). "Overview: What is Chronic Fatigue Syndrome?" "How do you know if you have CFS?" 12-12-2003 -
Immunosciences Lab Inc. (2003). "IMMUNOLOGY OF CHRONIC FATIGUE SYNDROME: What is Chronic Fatigue and Immune Dysfunction Syndrome?" http://www.immuno-sci-lab.com/2003_cat_page75.htm
Ishikawa K, Shibanoki S, Saito S, McGaugh JL. (1982). "Effect of microwave irradiation on monoamine metabolism in dissected rat brain." Brain Research. May 20;240(1):158-61. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez
Kalns J., Ryan K.L., Mason P.A., Bruno J.G., Gooden R., Kiel J.L. (2000). "Oxidative stress precedes circulatory failure induced by 35-GHz microwave heating." Shock. Jan;13(1):52-9. Veridian Engineering, Inc. at Brooks AFB, Texas 78235, USA.
Kant G.J., Lenox R.H., Meyerhoff J.L. (1979). "Dopamine diffusion after microwave fixation at 986 MHz." Neurochem Res. Aug;4(4):529-34. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd
Kibler R, Lucas RO, Hicks MJ, et al. (1985). "Immune function in chronic active Epstein-Barr virus infection." Journal of Clinical Immunology. 5: 46-54.
Klimas NG, Salvato FR, Morgan R, Fletcher MA. (1990). "Immunologic abnormalities in chronic fatigue syndrome." Journal of Clinical Microbiology 28: 1403-10.
Lapp. C. (2001). "Using antidepressants to treat Chronic Fatigue Syndrome." Summer, 2001. CFIDS Association of America.
Lassesen K. "Hypoxia." http://lassesen.com/cfids/hypoxia.htm
Levitt, B.B. (1995). Electromagnetic Fields. San Diego, New York, London: Harcourt Brace and Company
Liburdy R.P., Vanek P.F. Jr. (1987) "Microwaves and the cell membrane. III. Protein shedding is oxygen and temperature dependent: evidence for cation bridge involvement." Radiat Res. Mar;109(3):382-95.
ME Research UK http://www.meresearch.org.uk/research/projects/nontech.html
Moldofsky, H. (2006). "Role of the Sleeping/Waking Brain in the Pathogenesis of Fibromyalgia, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, and Related Disorders." Primary Psychiatry. 2006;13(9):52-58 http://www.primarypsychiatry.com
Moore R.L. (1979). "Biological effects of magnetic fields: studies with microorganisms." Canadian Journal of Microbiology. Oct;25(10):1145-51.
Moszczynski P, Lisiewicz J, Dmoch A, Zabinski Z, Bergier L, Rucinska M, Sasiadek U. (1999)."The effect of various occupational exposures to microwave radiation on the concentrations of immunoglobulins and T lymphocyte subsets." Wiad Lek.;52(1-2):30-4. [Article in Polish] Wojewodzkiej Pracowni Immunologicznej w Brzesku.
Nageswari K. Sri, Sarma K. R., Rajvanshi V. S., Sharan R., Sharma M., Barathwal V. and Singh V. (1991). "Effect of chronic microwave radiation on T cell-mediated immunity in the rabbit." International Journal of Biometeorology. Volume 35, Number 2 / June, 1991. pp. 92-97. Springer Berlin / Heidelberg http://www.springerlink.com/content/lg3x14508358352n/
Nageswari, K. Sri. (2003). "Biological Effects of Microwaves and Mobile Telephony." Proceedings of the International Conference on Non-Ionizing Radiation at UNITEN (ICNIR 2003) Electromagnetic Fields and Our Health October 2003
Professor & Head, Department of Physiology Govt. Medical College & Hospital, Prayaas, Building Sector 38,
Chandigarh, India E-Mail : email@example.com
National Academy of Sciences. (1993) "Assessment of the Possible Health Effects of the Ground Wave Emergency Network." Washington. D.C: National Academy Press. http://darwin.nap.edu/openbook.php?record_id=2046&page=67
Pall, M.L. "Chronic Fatigue Syndrome as a NO/ONOO- Cycle Disease." College of Science, School of Molecular Biology, Washington State Univesity. http://molecular.biosciences.wsu.edu/faculty/pall/pall_cfs.htm
Patarca-Montero, R. (2001). "Directions in Immunotherapy."CFIDS Association of America. Winter 2001.
Purdey, N. "The CFS Page." The Purdey Environmental Page. http://www.purdeyenvironment.com/CFS%20Page.htm
Schweitzer, M. "A PWC Talks to Psychologists."http://www.cfids-me.org/marys/suggest.html
Smialowicz R.J., Rogers R.R., Garner R.J., Riddle M.M., Luebke R.W., Rowe D.G. "Microwaves (2,450 MHz) suppress murine natural killer cell activity."
Spurgin M. "ME Society Definitional Framework." Myalgic Encephalomyelitis Society of America Website http://www.cfids-cab.org/MESA/
Sterzl I, Fucikova T, Hrda P, Matucha P, Zamrazil V. (1998) "The fatigue syndrome in autoimmune thyroiditis with polyglandular activation of autoimmunity" [Article in Czech] Vnitr Lek. 1998 Aug;44(8):456-60. Endokrinologicky ustav, Praha.
Stopczyk D, Gnitecki W, Buczynski A, Kowalski W, Buczynska M, Kroc A. (2005)"Effect of electromagnetic field produced by mobile phones on the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD-1)--in vitro research"
[Article in Polish] Ann Acad Med Stetin. 2005;51 Suppl 1:125-8. Zaklad Medycyny Zapobiegawczej i Promocji Zdrowia Wojskowej Akademii Medycznej ul. Zeligowskiego 7/9, 90-643 lodz.
Teitelbaum, J. (2003) "Adrenal exhaustion and chronic fatigue diagnosis - Highly Effective Treatments for Pain and Fatigue." Townsend Letter for Doctors and Patients, Oct, 2003 http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0ISW/is_243/ai_109946562
Unger E.R., Nisenbaum R., Moldofsky H., Cesta A., Sammut C., Reyes M., Reeves W.C. (2004). "Sleep assessment in a population-based study of chronic fatigue syndrome." BMC Neurology 4:6 http://www.biomedcentral.com
Elizabeth R Unger: firstname.lastname@example.org; Rosane Nisenbaum:email@example.com;
Harvey Moldofsky: h.Moldofsky@utoronto.ca; Angela Cesta: firstname.lastname@example.org; Christopher Sammut: email@example.com; Michele Reyes: firstname.lastname@example.org; William C Reeves: email@example.com http://www.pubmedcentral.nih
BMC Neurol. 2004; 4: 6. Published online 2004 April 19. doi: 10.1186/1471-2377-4-6. Copyright (c) 2004 Unger et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article: verbatim copying and redistribution of this article are permitted in all media for any purpose, provided this notice is preserved along with the article's original URL.
Elizabeth R Unger,1 Rosane Nisenbaum,1 Harvey Moldofsky,2 Angela Cesta,2 Christopher Sammut,2 Michele Reyes,1 and William C Reeves11Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA 2Sleep Disorders Clinic of the Centre for Sleep and Chronobiology, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Vallings R. (2004). "Notes from the 2004 IACFS Conference." International Association for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (IACFS) Website, http://www.aacfs.org/?p=197
van Heukelom RO, Prins JB, Smits MG, Bleijenberg G. (2006) "Influence of melatonin on fatigue severity in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome and late melatonin secretion." European Journal of Neurology. 2006 Jan;13(1):55-60. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/
Department of Neurology, Sleep-Wake Disorders and Chronobiology, Hospital De Gelderse Vallei, Ede, and Department of Medical Psychology, Radbound University Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
Vedelago, L.J. (2001). "Visual Dysfunction in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome." http://cfids.org.com - Archives.
Wall, D. (2005) "From Skepticism to Science: After 20 years, chronic fatigue syndrome may finally be getting some respect and cutting-edge science." San Francisco Chronicle, June 5, 2005
Weiter J.J., Finch E.D., Schulz W., Frattali V. (1975). "Ascorbic acid changes in cultured rabbit lenses after microwave irradiation." Ann N Y Acad Sci. Feb 28;247:175-81.
Yang H.K., Cain C.A., Lockwood J., Tompkins W.A. "Effects of microwave exposure on the hamster immune system. I. Natural killer cell activity."
Ye J., Yao K., Lu D., Wu R., Jiang H. (2001). "Low power density microwave radiation induced early changes in rabbit lens epithelial cells." Chinese Medical Journal (Engl). Dec;114(12):1290-4. Department of Ophthalmology, Affiliated Second Hospital, Medical College, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310009, China.Yejuan_99@163.net
Yuan Z.Q., Li F., Wang D.G., Wang Y., Zhang P. (2004). "Effect of low intensity and very high frequency electromagnetic radiation on occupationally exposed personnel." Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi. Aug:22(4):267-9. [Article in Chinese] Epidemic Prevention Brigade, General Logistics Department, PLA, Beijing 100039, China.
Zhong hua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi. (1989). "5-HT contents change in peripheral blood of workers exposed to microwave and high frequency radiation" Jul;23(4):207-10. [Article in Chinese] Wang SG.
Exercise has been shown to increase the production of oxidants. Fortunately, regular endurance exercise results in adaptations in the skeletal muscle antioxidant capacity, which protects myocytes (muscle cells) against the deleterious effects of oxidants and prevents extensive cellular damage (McCully et al. 1996; Powers et al. 1999).
G Ital Med Lav. 1983 Nov;5(6):271-5. Links
[Various psychological parameters in subjects occupationally exposed to radiofrequencies]
[Article in Italian] Antoniazzi D, Vittadini G, Pugliese F, Rubini V, Biazzi L.
Because of increasing interest for electromagnetic fields biological effects we examined possible effects on behaviour produced by prolonged exposition to radiofrequencies on some wood industry workers. The results of psychological tests seem to prove a significant difference between exposed and control groups in the answers concerning social relations and anxiety. However these results have to be confirmed by other and more complete studies.
PMID: 6544230 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
BMC Neurol. 2004 Apr 19;4:6. Links
Sleep assessment in a population-based study of chronic fatigue syndrome. Unger ER, Nisenbaum R, Moldofsky H, Cesta A, Sammut C, Reyes M, Reeves WC.
Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org